Thesis defense Marten HansenIn vitro blood production from induced pluripotent stem cells
On 25 November 2020 (16:00) Marten Hansen defended his PhD thesis 'In vitro blood production from induced pluripotent stem cells' at the University of Amsterdam
MM von Lindern PhD
E van den Akker PhD and BA van der Reijden PhD
Agnietenkapel and on line
The aim of this thesis was to establish a cell culture system that could faithfully recapitulate hematopoietic development from iPSC, and specifically the development of the megakaryopoietic lineage. To this end we developed novel methodology to generate and differentiate induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) to hematopoietic/megakaryocyte lineages. We showed that megakaryoblasts can be reprogrammed into iPSC lines with similar pluripotent characteristics as other non-megakaryoid derived iPSC lines, thus potentially preserving persisting epigenetic footprints that may be crucial for hematopoietic differentiation. We developed an efficient hematopoietic differentiation method allowing molecular characterization of defects in megakaryopoiesis and in hereditary thrombopenia but also drug screening. In this thesis we used patient specific BDPLT17 iPSC lines, which recapitulated the phenotypes of the disease, and enabled us to uncover (part of) the molecular mechanisms underlying BDPLT17. Specifically, the DNA binding defective mutated GFI1B recruits chromatin remodeling protein LSD1 thereby inhibiting the normal function of GFI1B in a dominant negative manner. The data also explains thrombopenia induced by LSD1 inhibitors used to treat solid tumors, underscoring the usability of iPSC models to monitor drug sensitivity. In addition, we demonstrated an essential role of LSD1/GFI1B during hemogenic endothelium transition to hematopoiesis from iPSC. The data indicate that patient derived, and wild type iPSC models can be investigated using the novel developed methodology. The results from this thesis further our mechanistic understanding of megakaryopoietic pathology and may allow the production of hematopoietic cells including platelets from iPSC, thus taking important steps towards novel therapies and transfusion products.